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Festival of Colors

Holi, known as the Festival of Colors, is one of the most vibrant and joyous festivals celebrated primarily in India, Nepal and now day’s It celebrated all over the world on the full-moon day of Phalguna (February–March). Holi is a festival of brotherhood, mutual love and goodwill. On this day people drench each other with colors and flower,s also.The festival of Holi is traditionally celebrated for two days, Holika Dahan on the first day and with colors on the second day.

Origins and Mythology

The roots of Holi can be traced to various mythological stories, primarily from Hindu scriptures. One of the most popular legends associated with Holi is the story of Prahlad and Holika. Prahlad, a young devotee of Lord Vishnu, was persecuted by his father, the demon king Hiranyakashipu, because of his unwavering faith.

Holika Dahen

 Hiranyakashipu’s sister Holika, who was blessed with the boon of being immune to fire, tried to burn Prahlad alive. However, due to his devotion, Prahlad escaped unharmed while Holika perished in the flames. This event symbolizes the victory of good over evil and the importance of faith.

Another important mythological story associated with Holi is the love story of Lord Krishna and Radha. According to folklore, the blue-skinned young Krishna complained to his mother about Radha’s fair complexion. While playing, his mother suggested him to apply color on Radha’s face. This playful act of painting Radha’s face evolved into the tradition of applying colors during Holi, which symbolizes the spirit of love, happiness and togetherness.

Traditions and Rituals

Holi is celebrated for two days in most parts of India, although its duration and customs may vary regionally. People start putting colors on each other a month in advance. First of all, the Pandit is asked for an auspicious and safe (safe from the spread of fire) place to plant the flag or stick for Holika Dahan. People and children start collecting dry tree branches a week in advance and keep them at the same place, women prepare cow dung cakes and put them in Holika. A day before Holika Dahan, farmers collect wheat bales or gram plants from their fields and keep them in their homes so that they can roasted in the fire and eat them during Holika Dahan. There is also a tradition of burning Bharbholi during Holika at many places. Bharbholi are dumplings made from cow dung which have a hole in the middle. A garland is made by putting a string of moong in this hole. There are seven Bharbholiyas in a garland. Before lighting the fire in Holi, this garland is revolved seven times over the heads of the brothers and thrown away. At night during Holika Dahan, this garland is burnt along with Holika. Its meaning is that along with Holi, the evil eye on the brothers should also be burnt.

The festivities begin with Holika Dahan on the full moon evening or eairly morning  of the Hindu lunar month Phalgun, also known as Chhoti Holi. First of all the women worship Holika, after this the Pandit or the oldest man sets fire to Holika, Symbol of victory of good over evil. People gather around the bonfire, sing folk songs, perform rituals and exchange sweets and good wishes.

The next day is celebrated as Rangwali Holi, when the streets come alive with colours, water balloons and water guns. It is a day of uninhibited fun and frolic, which breaks social barriers and brings people of all ages, castes and backgrounds together. Friends, family and even strangers join in the merriment, drenching each other in colored water and applying gulal (coloured powder) on the face with enthusiasm.

On the day of Holi, various dishes (food items) like Khed, Puri and Puda are cooked in homes. Gujis have a very important place among the many sweets made on this occasion. Gram flour seva and dahi baba are also commonly prepared and eaten in every family living in Uttar Pradesh. Kanji, Bhang and Thandai are special drinks in this festival. People take bath in the evening and go to each other’s house to socialize and eat sweets.People take bath in the evening and go to each other’s house to socialize and eat sweets.

Holi 2024

This time, Purnima Tithi is starting at 9.56 am on March 24 and it is ending the next day i.e. on March 25, before Pradosh Kaal. In such a situation, there is a rule in the scriptures that if there is Purnima Tithi on both the days, then on the first day, if Purnima Tithi is falling during Pradosh period, then Holika Dahan should be done on the same day during Bhadra period. According to this rule, this time Holika Dahan will be done on 24th March and The festival of Rangotsav will be celebrated the next day i.e. on 25th March. According to the Panchang, this time the shadow of lunar eclipse is going to fall on the day of Holi.


Purnima Tithi Start: March 24, 2024 at 09:45 AM

Purnima Tithi ends: March 25, 2024 at 12:29 pm

Holika Dahan Time :- Sunday 24 March 2024

Holika Dahan Auspicious Time :- 11:13 PM 24 March 2023 to 00:32 AM 25 March 2024

Total Time :-  01 Hrs 20 Min

Holika Dahan Poonja Method

1. First of all, to worship Holika, sit facing east or north.

2. Made statues of Holika and Prahlad of cow dung. Keep Roli, raw cotton, flowers, whole turmeric, batasha, fruits and a kalash filled with water in the plate.

3. After this, meditate on Lord Narasimha and then offer Roli, rice, sweets, flowers etc.

4. Take all the remaining things and go to the place where Holika is burnt, after that worship Holika there and offer Holika intact. After this, take the name of Prahlad and offer flowers in his name.

5. Also offer five grains in the name of Lord Narasimha. At the end, fold both hands and offer Akshat, turmeric and flowers.

6. After this, take a raw yarn and revolve around Holika. Finally add gulal and offer water.

Significance and Symbolism:

Holi holds deep cultural and social significance beyond its mythological origins. It symbolizes the arrival of spring, the season of rejuvenation, growth and new beginnings. The vibrant colors of Holi represent the myriad colors of nature, celebrating the diversity and vibrancy of life. Furthermore, this festival promotes the spirit of unity, friendship and harmony transcending the barriers of caste, creed and social status.At a deeper level, Holi symbolizes the victory of good over evil, light over darkness. It serves as a reminder that no matter how difficult the challenges may seem, righteousness and faith will ultimately triumph. The act of applying colors on each other symbolizes the breaking of barriers, forgiveness and reconciliation, thereby promoting a feeling of harmony and brotherhood within communities.


In conclusion, Holi is more than just a festival of colours; It is a celebration of life, love and the victory of good over evil. Rooted in mythology, rich in cultural traditions and celebrated with immense enthusiasm, Holi symbolizes the spirit of unity, happiness and renewal. As we bask in the vibrant colors of this festival, let us also remember its deeper significance and try to uphold its values of harmony, inclusivity and environmental consciousness. Holi serves as a colorful reminder that amidst the complexities of life, there is always room for joy, laughter and celebration of humanity’s shared heritage.

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